SPORTS MEDICINE  ·  SURGERY OF THE KNEE  ·  SURGERY OF THE SHOULDER  

Ankle
Anatomy Print

Ankle Anatomy, Dr. Allen F. Anderson, Nashville, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Figure 1The ankle is an excellent example of interplay between bone and ligamentous structures and their protective relationship upon one another. The ankle joint is maintained by the shape of the talus (first bone of the foot) and its tight fit between the tibia and fibula. In the neutral position, there are strong bony constraints. With increasing plantar flexion, the bony constraints are decreased and the ligaments are more susceptible to strain and injury. The three major ligament groups that support the ankle include the tibiofibular ligaments, the deltoid ligament complex medially and the lateral ligament complex.

Read more...
 
Achilles Tendon Ruptures Print

Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Dr. Allen F. Anderson, Nashville, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Figure 1Spontaneous rupture of the achilles tendon generally occurs in patients in their third to fifth decade. Most patients are men and most injuries occur during sporting activities. The most common mechanism of injury is pushing off forcefully with the affected foot while extending the knee. 

Read more...
 
Osteochondral Fracture Talus Print

Osteochondral fractures of the talus are commonly associated with ankle sprains. Berndt and Harty classified osteochondral lesions into four stages. 

Read more...
 
Ankle Sprain Print

Ankle Sprain, Dr. Allen F. Anderson, Nashville, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Figure 3The ankle is an excellent example of interplay between bone and ligamentous structures and their protective relationship upon one another. The ankle joint is maintained by the shape of the talus (first bone of the foot) and its tight fit between the tibia and fibula. In the neutral position, there are strong bony constraints. 

Read more...
 


© Allen F. Anderson, M.D. 2017